Upper Mustang is located is an ancient Himalayan Kingdom which lies in the northern central part of Nepal and at the top of the Kaligandaki River. During the Upper Mustang Trek, you enter the restricted area of an ancient land with its own distinct history and tradition.
The Upper Mustang trek begins from Jomsom where is an airstrip. It is 150 km to reach Mustang. The glittering snow peaks such as Nilgiri, Muktinath and Tukche is covering the Mustang land. Nilgiri, Muktinath and Tukche are the famous shrine of Hindus.
The landscape of Mustang is unmatched pristine scenery, stupendous wildness, spectacular 16th century monasteries, snow capped peaks and many other unique attractions. The trekking in straggle high mountains offers a unique experience.
Upper Mustang remains one of the few areas in Tibet’s original sphere of influence where Tibetan culture continues to survive. The challenge we face today is to improve our living conditions, and at the same time to strengthen and keep alive our unique culture. The Mustang region is dry, desolate and windy, and is a paradise like no other on earth. Strong winds blowing up between the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountains have created a dry desert landscape- dusty and bare in all its beauty. Because of dry climate found over here agriculture is impossible without irrigation and agro-productive land is also very nominal. Polyandry, marriage of one woman with two or more brothers, is still in practice to avoid the splitting of the family’s farmland. But like all traditional ways, these are changing too. Mustang was a forbidden land for centuries and little was known of this Trans Himalayan valley which has wonderful variety of its heritage, lively Tibetan culture and fascinating landscape. Early visitors explored the silent features of this unique hidden land, its great castle, ancient monasteries, lonely hermitage and remote villages.
Upper Mustang consists of two destine regions: the south region with five villages inhabited by people related to the Managis; and the northern region (the ancient kingdom of Lo), where the language, culture and traditions are almost purely Tibetan, the capital of Lo is named manthang, which translates from the Tibetan as ‘plain of aspiration’ many texts refer to the capital as Lo Manthang, but this is not strictly correct, Other texts spell the name of the kingdom as Lho, but this is a transliteration of the Tibetan word for ‘south’ and is also incorrect. Thus the portion of the upper Mustang district north of Samar is Lo and its capital is Mustang the king of Lo is the Lo Gyelbu, though I use the Nepali term raja here. To avoid total confusion with existing Maps and texts, there are many complex issues relating to the development of upper Mustang and the procedures under which trekkers are allowed to visit the area.
More about Upper Mustang Trekking
Trekking in Nepal and choosing the Upper Mustang trekking is an adventurous journey which passes through many exotic and beautiful locations.Upper Mustang’s spectacular scenery and hospitable charm has been luring travellers hungry for adventure. It is one of the most popular and considered as an amazing destination in Nepal.The 17 day trek heads north from Jomsom on the far side of the Annapurna Range.Strong winds blowing up between the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountains have created a dry desert landscape- dusty and bare in all its beauty.Bordered with majestic snow-capped Himalayan peaks, picturesque alpine lakes, serene meadows carpeted with colourful Himalayan flowers; a trek amidst tremendous nature’s work of art in mustang, not only refresh your minds and souls but also provides you with an unparalleled peace of mind. It is only in Upper Mustang, where you can enjoy the pure mountain air and feel the silence of the wilderness.
Across its length and breadth, Upper Mustang is dotted with numerous Buddhist monasteries.The Presence of rare medieval Buddhist arts, the exotic culture and the unique beauty of the Himalayan desert not only adds to the spiritual charm of mustang but, a colourful and bright architecture of these monasteries also double-folds the picturesque magic of this charming little land.Mustang’s history, as well as it’s natural and cultural treasures have made it one of the most mysterious and fascinating trekking destinations in Nepal. Moreover, dwelled with extreme peace and tranquillity, these Buddhist temples provide you with an unmatched holistic and spiritual experience that is difficult to find anywhere else.The ideal time for trekking in Upper Mustang is during the spring months between (March to May) and in Autumn from (September to November).
If the quaint scenic beauty and the idea of an unlimited fun of trekking excites you, the unexplored and untouched Himalayan paths await you in Upper Mustang. So, don’t wait a second, just put on your trekking shoes and set about on the most fulfilling and interesting trekking journeys of your lifetime with us
Itinerary of Upper Mustang Trekking
Day 01 : Arrive in Kathmandu (1345m) & transfer to hotel (20 minutes). Overnight at hotel.
Day 02 : Full day Kathmandu city sightseeing Overnight at hotel.
Day 03 : Drive from Kathmandu to Pokhara (914m) – 6 hrs. Overnight at hotel.
Day 04 : Transfer to airport & Fly to Jomsom (20 minutes). Start trek from Jomsom to Kagbeni (2,858m) – 4 hrs. Overnight at lodge/teahouse.
Day 05 : Trek from Kagbeni to Chele (3050m) – 6 hrs.
Day 06 : Trek from Chele to Syanbochen (3475m) – 7 hrs.
Day 07 : Trek from Syanbochen to Ghaymi (3520m) – 6 hrs.
Day 08 : Trek from Ghaymi to Charang (3500m) – 5 hrs.
Day 09 : Trek from Charang to Lo-Mangthang (3700m) – 6 hrs.
Day 10 : Explore Lo-Mangthang.
Day 11 : Trek from Lo-Mangthang to Drakmar (3810m) – 7 hrs.
Day 12 : Trek from Dhakmar to Ghiling (3806m) – 6 hrs.
Day 13 : Trek from Ghiling to Chhuksang (3050m) – 6 hrs.
Day 14 : Chhuksang to Jomsom (2700m) -7 hrs.
Day 15 : Fly from Jomsom to Pokhara & transfer to hotel. Overnight at hotel.
Day 16 : Drive from Pokhara to Kathmandu – 6 hrs. Overnight at hotel.
Day 17 : Transfer to airport (20minutes) for final departure from Nepal.
- Airport pick up & transfer to hotel (day 01) + Airport drop (day 17) by private vehicle.
- Mid range hotel in Kathmandu (day 1, day 2, & day 16) on twin sharing basis with breakfast
- Full day sightseeing in Kathmandu with a professional tour guide (day 2).
- Bus ticket from Kathmandu to Pokhara (day 03) & Pokhara to Kathmandu (Day 16).
- Mid range hotel in Pokhara (day 3 & day 15) on twin sharing basis with breakfast.
- All meals (breakfast, Lunch & dinner) during the trekking in mountain area.
- Accommodation in Tea House / Lodge – room on twin sharing basis during the trekking in mountain area.
- A professional guide & porter (1 porter for 2 persons) their salary, meal, accommodation & insurance.
- Annapurna Conservation Area entrance permit fee.
- Upper Mustang Special Trekking Permit.
- Government taxes.
Price does not include:
- International airfare to and from your country
- Nepal visa fee: Nepal entry visa ( US$ 40 or equivalent foreign currency for 30 days . you will also require 2 passport size photos.)
- Entrance fee during the sightseeing in Kathmandu (day 2).
- Travel & Health Insurance – Emergency Helicopter Rescue Insurance (Most recommended)
- Lunch & dinner in Kathmandu & Pokhara.
- Any alcoholic drinks, cold drinks, boiled & mineral water, beverages etc during the trek.
- Tips for trekking & other employed staffs which is not mandatory but expected.
- Hot shower, battery charges (available in trek with extra cost or free in some lodges)
- Unforeseen cost such as flight cancellation or delayed, sick in trek, and helicopter rescue in trek.
- Cost due to bad weather etc which is out of our control.
- Any other cost, which is not mentioned in cost includes items as above
Smile Adventure and tours arrange mid range hotel in Kathmandu and Pokhara – room on twin sharing basis where you will find neat and clean environment.
During the trekking, Smile Adventure will arrange your accommodation at standard tea house or lodge – room on twin sharing basis with attached bathroom however some places will not have attached bathroom so; bathroom are on sharing basis.
We offer breakfast in the hotel in Kathmandu & Pokhara but you have to pay your own lunch and dinner.
We will provide all meals (breakfast, lunch & dinner) during the trekking in Mountain area.
Private Vehicle : – Airport transfer (day 1) & drop (day 17).
Bus from Kathmandu o Pokhara (day 3) & & Pokhara to Kathmandu (day 16).
Flight from Pokhara to Jomsom (day 4) & Jomsom to Pokhara (day 15).
OPTIONAL : if you want to take a flight between Kathmandu and Pokhara then we offer you US$ 95 per person for one ways & US$ 190 for round trip which is extra (not included in the price).
Guide & Porter during the trekking
Smile Adventure and tours will provide a professional trekking guide (license holder). We arrange porter(s) to carry your gears (a porter can carry maximum 15 kg) and the porter will accompany with you. The number of porter depends on group size. We will provide the salary, accommodation, insurance, meals for the guide and porter.
A trekking day in Upper Mustang Trek
The trek starts after a delicious breakfast with a cup of tea. Our guide briefs about trail then after we start to walk of 3 to 4 hours. We offer lunch in a local teahouse or shop. After lunch you will relax for a while and continue to walk for for 3 to 4 hours until we reach next destination. When we reach next destination we can enjoy short hiking around the village or enjoy games. Evening have a dinner and overnight at the teahouse/lodge.
We also offer to rest frequently and give enough time to load & capacitor the amazing scenery of mountain, local settlement, and countryside in your camera during the trail.
Personal gears & equipment need during trekking
Sun cream lotion
Comfortable hiking boots
Walking poles (if necessary)
Flash light with extra batteries
Personal medical kit box.
Extra batteries for camera
Backpack- with outsider pockets to handle smaller items.
Health & Experience Required for Upper Mustang Trek
The Upper Mustang Trek is a Moderate trek which offers at least 6-7 hours easy work in a day. We can do Upper Mustang Trek if you have average physical fitness with good health condition. Please note that walking in higher altitude demands more physical fitness than walking in lower altitudes. Several weeks of exercise and jogging before the starting the Upper Mustang Trek is highly suggestible. If you have done hiking and have good past experience it also helps to do this Upper Mustang Trek but technical skill does not require for this trip.
Headaches, fever, vomiting, dizziness, loss of appetite or stomach disorders are symptoms of high altitude Sickness, the main cause of high altitude sickness is lack of enough oxygen in air. We find less oxygen in the higher altitude then less altitude so the Upper Mustang Trek itinerary have been customized by Smile Adventure and Tours considering the sufficient time to acclimatize in each places.
Trekking grade of Upper Mustang Trek
Moderate: It may be little bit more challenging to first time trekker. It engages 6 to 7 hours walking in a day. This trek gradually goes up to 3810 meters altitude and will offer close view of big mountains also.
All trekkers / travelers are requested to insure their travel insurance before traveling for Upper Mustang Trek. Please note that the insurance should be covered medical, air ambulance, helicopter rescue, and all treatment costs.